ILLINOIS PENN SPECIAL
CLICK IMAGE ABOVE FOR FULL HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGE
Washington Post, Nov 21, 1919
Kay Jewelry Store to Open
Premises at 407 Seventh Street Are Remodeled for New Business. The Kay Jewelry store, 407
Seventh street northwest, of of a chain of 26 stores operating in as many big cities, has
remodeled the premises formerly occupied by the Columbia Shoe Company, and will open
Monday, November 24, with a complete line of fine diamonds, watches and jewelry. M.S.
Goldnamer, secretary and treasurer, who will manage the Washington store, was for many
years the manager of the National Furniture Company and late sales manager of the Hub
KAY JEWELERS/KAY JEWELRY Co sold jewelry under the KAY JEWELERS mark and brand since 1916 when Sol and Edmund Kaufmann opened the first Kay Jewelers in corner of
their father's furniture store in Reading, PA; original products included eyeglasses,
musical jewelry boxes, electric razors.
(Store Above 1920)
1980 - 250 stores in 32 states; acquired by Sterling
Jewelers Inc.; 1990 - acquired by Signet Group plc; 2008 - more than 900 stores; number
one jewelry store brand in United States by sales, number of store
1990 Sterling acquires Kay
Jewelers, Inc. (506 stores), including the Kay and
JB Robinson Jewelers brands, which doubles the size of the company. Sterling
Jewelers, Inc. is an American specialty jewelry company headquartered ... different store
brands operating in the U.S. They include Kay
Jewelers, Jared-The Galleria of Jewelry, J.B.
Robinson, Marks & Morgan,
Kays is now a jewelry company that is all around the
world. Its slogan is, "Every kiss begins with Kay". The tag line was written in
1997 by a Senior Art Director named Randall Herrera working for an agency called Stern
Advertising in Pepperpike Ohio. It was one of several lines offered up to Kay Jewelers and
is still going strong to this day.
Illinois Pennsylvania Special
Made For KAY Jewelry Co
ILLINOIS POCKET WATCHES 1921
16S-17 JEWEL-ADJUSTED POS & TEMP
SWISS BARS & DAMASKEEN
95 Years Young!
ALL INFO CONTAINED HEREIN WILL BE
PART AND PORTION
TO YOUR FREE ONLINE $487.00 PRO APPRAISAL. A ONE YEAR
WARRANTY IS ALSO OFFERED WITH YOUR INVESTMENT.
Pennsylvania Special 1921
|Movement Serial Number:
|Estimated Production Year:
|Adjusted to Temperature:
|Dial Feet Locations:
||17.5, 39.0, 58.0
|Case Screw Locations:
Only 2000 of this particular model
were fabricated in 1921
Screw down top and back
Case is in excellent condition
screw on case back in
dial has some hair lines and two
but looks great and operates perfectly
One below left of center bottom of hands
One left of #4 - the dial is Original and
has been treated to avoid all but a catastrophe
DIMENSIONS X-CROSS SIDE TO SIDE
UP & DOWN W/O BAIL/BALE
original glass crystal has one
- Large Bold Fancy Black
Outer Red Seconds Chapter
10 20 30 40 50 60 numerals
5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 55 full seconds dashes
half slashes for fine inter-seconds counting
hands are original
Dial Is Double Sunk
Single Step Center
Double Step Seconds
CASE IS GOLD FILLED
IN EXCELLENT CONDITION
Rock built a Brass & Steel
Can be worn on your belt
With The Illinois Worn
In Your Jean's/Pant Watch Pocket
OR AS A BUTTON FOB
Top of Leather FOB to bottom of
Pocket Watch 9 inches
Leather FOB with late 1800
FOB Attachment 5 inches
Leather FOB by itself
Leather FOB top to pocket bail/bale 5 1/2 inches
FOB Attachment size top to
FOB Attachment size side to side
"spinner" side to side 15mm
AWESOME MILITARY SLY MOUNTING
Karat Gold Spinner
One Side White
One Side Black
HAVE YET TO DISCOVER THE REASON FOR
NIGHT AND DAY SPINNER FLIP STYLE
NOTE THE COOL WORK OF THIS
SOLID FOB ATTACHMENT
THE DARK AREA IS A REFLECTION
Illinois Pennsylvania Special 1921
ADJUSTED POSITION & TEMP
FINE SWANS NECK BALANCE ADJUSTMENT
Note the Balance Cock has a Swan
Neck device embracing the regulator lever. The Swan Neck is an auxiliary device applied to
the conventional regulator of a watch movement and it was only to be found on the finest
of movements-- especially back in 1921. This device provides awesome fine tuning and
adjustment of the regulator position and assure the firm maintenance of this adjustment
position once established.I have read where some state it is not a "fine watch"
mechanism, but fact is, until the mid 20th century and the mass production of mechanical
watches, you did not discover this device unless it was utilized in a RARE POSITION
ADJUSTED & TEMP ADJUSTED FINE WATCH!
Adjusted to Temperature (
Heat & Cold)
Temperature adjustment was a lengthy process, usually conducted over
the span of several days. Movements were carefully timed in climate-controlled boxes of
both temperature extremes, 40 degrees for cold and 90 degree for heat; compensating for
the expansion and contraction in the metal balance wheel in different temperatures,
averaging the timing differences between both extremes.
Adjusted to Isochronism
Isochronism adjustments were conducted to maintain a uniform performance while the
mainspring gradually loses power from wind-up to wind-down. This is achieved by modifying
the pinning and vibration of the hairspring, attempting to equalize the rotation angles of
the balance wheel regardless of the strength of power remaining in the mainspring.
Adjusted to Positions
Position adjustments attempt to average the timing errors between
positions for more precise timekeeping. Deviations in positional rates are caused by
frictional and poise errors, which are more prevalent in the vertical positions. Depending
on the qualifications for the grade determined by the manufacturer, the 'watch would be
timed and adjusted using the following positions.
- Dial Up
- Dial Down
- Pendant Up
- (Also Adjusted to Temperature)
Nickel movements are characterized by a silvery,
often-polished, finish on the movement plates, usually containing decorative damaskeening
patterns. Once nickel movements became popular in the late 1800s, they often sold for a
premium when compared to identical gilt movements. The nickel material was more durable
and offered a better surface for decorative machining methods & Damaskeening.
RUNS LIKE A TOP
If you take a simple barrel and attach a ratcheted
winding-gear to the center-arbor, then the mainspring can be wound by turning the center
arbor rather than turning the barrel. The winding power is applied to the center-arbor
through an arrangement of winding gears.
The Crown is attached to a Stem, when turned, the Stem turns a "WINDING PINION",
which then turns the bottom left "CROWN WHEEL", which then turns the
large top left wheel, the "RATCHET WHEEL", which turns the Barrel
Arbor, which then Winds The Main Spring,
The Main Spring unwinding powers the watch. Note the GEARED outer rim of the barrel below;
this imparts the mainspring's power to the gear-train of the watch. A big advantage of
this arrangement is that the barrel always maintains spring tension, even while the watch
is being wound; an excellent centuries solution to the problem of maintaining-power!
Thus the name "going barrel"... because the barrel is always "going",
even when the watch is being wound.
excellent Free Fast and Awesome look at
the workings of a movement in real time go here
DOUBLE ROLLER WAS INVESTED & PATENTED IN 1903
No. 7 0,179. PATENTED SEPT. 29; 1903.
F. J. REAVES. DOUBLE ROLLER FOR BALANCE ESCAPEMENTS.
APPLICATION IILBD AUG. 23, 1902.
UNITED STATES I Patented September 29, 1903.
FRANK J. REAVES, ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE ROCKFORD
WATCH COMPANY, LIMITED, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS. DOUBLE ROLLER FOR
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 740,179, dated
September 29, 1903. Application filed August 23, 1902. Serial No. 120,735. (No model.)
To IT whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK J. RE AVES, a citizen of the United States, residing at
Rockford, in the county of Winnebago and State 5 of Illinois, have invented certain new
and useful Improvements in Double Rollers for Watch-Escapements, of which the following is
This invention relates to that class of mechanisms known as the escapement of watches, and
particularly to a double roller to be used in connection therewith, all of which will more
fully hereinafter appear,
The principal object of this invention is to provide a simple, economical, and efficient
double roller for watch-escapements, made in two parts and arranged to be detachably
secured together, so that it may be separated easily and always assembled in correct
Further objects of the invention will appear from an examination of the drawings and the
following description and claims.
The invention consists principally in a double roller for watch-escapements, made in two
parts detachably secured together, and means for assisting in the assembled relation of
such parts to hold them in correct relation.
The invention consists, further and finally, in the features, combinations, and details of
construction hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of an escapement having a double
roller constructed in accordance with these improvements; Fig. 2, a side elevation of the
same; Fig. 3, an enlarged sectional elevation taken on line 3 of Fig. 1, illustrating a
roller constructed in accordance with these improvements; Fig. 4, a plan view of the lower
flange on the roller proper looking at it from below, and Fig. 5 a plan view of the main
or lower portion of the roller looking at it from above.
In the art to which this invention relates it is well known that a double roller is very
advantageous in that better adjustments of time can be made, owing to the fact that the
roller-jewel can be located at the maximum distance from the axis of the balance-staff.
It therefore becomes desirable to make a further or detailed description here.
DBL roller which will have this advantage and the additional one of being easily separated
for purposes of repair, renewal, and adjustment, all of which will be understood and
appreciated by those skilled in the art.
In making a roller in accordance with these improvements I provide a main or lower portion
at, having an upwardly-extending roller jewel I) located therein at its maximum distance
from the axis of the staff-opening c in such roller. This main or lower portion is also
provided with a circular recess (1 in the upper face thereof, having a dowel-pin hole e
extending there through. I next provide a roller portion proper,f, having a passing hollow
Q therein arranged opposite the roller jewel, and an integral downwardly-extending tubular
portion 71, provided with a circular flange t' at the bottom thereof. This circular
flanged portion is of a size to snugly fit the upper recess (1 in the lower portion of the
roller and is further provided with a dowelpin 70, arranged to fit the dowel-pin hole in
In operation the roller is placed on the balance-staff t and the usual pallet Z and fork m
are supplied, operating with the rest of the escapement and watch-train, all of which is
old and well known in the art and needs no The fork has the slot and horn portions n at
the front portion engaging with the roller-jewel and is further provided with a dart p,
arranged when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 1 to rest in the passing hollow
and at other times on the periphery of the roller proper until such roller rotates
backward and releases the same, all of which is well known and understood by those skilled
in the art.
The roller or different parts thereof may be placed together and brought into correct
relation without any fitting or may be sepa* rated for the purposes of repair, renewal, or
adjustment with the assurance that they can be reassembled in the correct relation.
I claim-*- 1. In a double roller escapement for watches, a balance stafi, a double roller
formed in two parts detachably secured together, and means for assisting in the assem bled
relation of such parts to hold them in correct relation, substantially as described.
2. In a double roller escapement for watches, a balance staff, a double roller formed of a
main portion carrying a rollerjewel, a supplementary disk portion provided with a passing
hollow, a tubular portion detachably connecting both of such portions, and means for
holding such portions in correct relation, substantially as described.
3. In a double roller escapement for Watches, a balance-staif, the combination of a main
portion provided with a roller-jewel extending upwardly there through, a disk portion of
smaller diameter provided with a passing hollow, an integral tubular portion extending
downwardly therefrom having a flange in its lower portion, and means for holding such
parts in correct relation, substantially as described.
4. In a double roller escapement for watches, a balance staif, a double roller formed of a
main portion carrying an upwardly-extending roller-jewel and a circular recess in its
upper portion, a disk roller of smaller diameter provided with a passing hollow and an
integral tubular portion extending downwardly therefrom and having a circular flange at
its lower end fitting the circular recess in the main portion, and dowel pin mechanism for
holding such parts in their correct relation, substantially as described.
FRANK J. REAVES.
H. I. CROMER, A. L. SAVOIE.
The house was built in 1916 by John Kay, the jeweler. He was
co-founder of the venerable Wright Kay jewelry store, a downtown institution from 1920 to
1978. It's easy to think that if the first owners came back, they would be pleased but not
surprised The 1916 house shines through.